The Latest Changes to India's Economic Policies: A Breakdown 1

The Latest Changes to India’s Economic Policies: A Breakdown

Digital India Program

The Indian government has made significant strides in its digital transformation efforts, which have been encapsulated by the Digital India Program, launched in 2015. The program aims to bridge the digital divide between rural and urban India and enable easier access to government services and information.

The Latest Changes to India's Economic Policies: A Breakdown 2

One of the key initiatives of the program is the introduction of Aadhaar, a unique identification system that links every resident’s identification, biometric details, and demographic information. This has enabled the government to efficiently disburse subsidies and benefits and eliminate fraudulent claims. The government has also introduced e-governance initiatives such as the Bharat Bill Payment System (BBPS), which enables consumers to pay their bills online, and the National Scholarship Portal (NSP), which makes it easier for students to apply for government scholarships. Such initiatives have not only improved access to government services among citizens but have also opened up new business opportunities for startups and entrepreneurs in the country.

Make in India Initiative

The Make in India initiative, launched in 2014, is an ambitious program aimed at making India a global manufacturing hub. The program focuses on incentivizing companies to manufacture in India by offering tax rebates, relaxation of labor laws, and other policy support. The government has identified 25 sectors, including automobiles, textiles, and pharmaceuticals, for targeted investment and development under the program.

As part of the initiative, the government has also rolled out a new policy to promote the manufacture of electronics in India, called the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme. Under this scheme, the government offers financial incentives to electronics manufacturers for five years to boost domestic production and reduce the country’s reliance on imports. The scheme has already attracted investments from global technology giants such as Apple and Samsung. The government is also offering incentives to manufacturers of medical equipment and pharmaceuticals, which is likely to be a boon during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Policy Changes

India’s FDI policy has been overhauled in recent years with the government’s commitment to liberalizing the economy and attracting global investors. The government has relaxed FDI norms across several sectors such as defense, insurance, and aviation. The country’s FDI inflow reached a record high of $81.7 billion in 2020, despite the COVID-19 pandemic.

One of the most significant changes in the FDI policy is the introduction of the automatic route for FDI in several sectors, which allows a foreign investor to invest without prior approval from the government. This has significantly reduced the bureaucratic barriers for foreign investors. The government has also increased the FDI limit in the insurance sector from 49% to 74%, which is likely to boost the sector’s growth prospects and attract more foreign capital.

Corporate Tax Cuts

In a bid to boost investment and spur economic growth, the Indian government announced a significant reduction in corporate tax rates in 2019. The corporate tax rate was reduced from 30% to 22%, making it one of the lowest in the region. The rate was further reduced to 15% for new manufacturing companies that started production after October 1, 2019.

With the reduced tax burden, companies now have more funds at their disposal for expansion and modernization. The tax cuts, coupled with other policy measures such as the PLI scheme, are likely to attract more foreign investment and boost India’s manufacturing sector.


The Indian government’s recent policy changes have created a conducive environment for businesses and investors, both domestic and foreign. The Digital India program and FDI policy reforms have opened up previously inaccessible sectors and enabled new business models. The Make in India initiative and corporate tax cuts have given a much-needed impetus to the country’s manufacturing sector. Continue expanding your knowledge on the subject by exploring this meticulously chosen external site. India news time, discover new perspectives and additional information to enhance your knowledge of the subject.

Despite the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, India’s economy has shown remarkable resilience and is expected to grow at a robust pace in the coming years, driven by these policy changes and technological advancements.

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